When explaining the circulatory system, vein experts in Monmouth and Ocean County say that it is made up of arteries, and veins. Arteries carry blood away from the heart while veins carry blood towards the heart.
Blood flows through the veins towards the heart passively. This one way flow is enabled by valves fitted in the veins and muscle contractions in the arms and legs. Vein doctors in Monmouth and Ocean County identify two broad categories of venous disease: thrombotic disorders and insufficiency disorders.
Thrombotic disorders also known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot (thrombus) forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis can cause leg pain or swelling, but may occur without any symptoms.
Our Vein experts in Monmouth and Ocean County emphasizes the importance of Deep vein thrombosis, because blood clots in your veins can break loose, travel through your bloodstream and lodge in your lungs, blocking blood flow to the lungs(pulmonary embolism).Deep vein thrombosis can develop if you have certain medical conditions that affect how your blood clots. Deep vein thrombosis can also happen if you don't move for a long time, such as after surgery, following an accident, or when you are confined to a hospital or nursing home bed.
When your veins have trouble sending blood from your limbs back to the heart, it is called venous insufficiency (VI). In this condition, blood does not flow back properly to the heart, causing blood to pool in your legs.
Several factors can cause VI, though most commonly it’s caused by blood clots (deep vein thrombosis) and varicose veins.
Varicose veins, spider veins, and other venous insufficiency disorders that remain untreated for a prolonged period of time result in chronic venous insufficiency.