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What is Arterial Disease

What is Arterial Disease?

Blood flows around the body and the heart through an intricate network of arteries, capillaries and veins. Arterial disease is the name given to any condition that affects the arteries. These conditions are caused by weakness and inflammation in the arteries as well as the deposition of fatty deposits within artery walls called Plaque(plak).

The deposits build up over a prolonged period of time without presenting any symptoms that even the best vein Doctor in Monmouth County could detect without further testing. The deposits will hamper the flow of blood to the vital organs and muscles, leading to a leg pain and, lack of mobility, and ultimately tissue death(gangrene). Patients with arterial disease may experience a heart attack and strokes.

Peripheral arterial disease is one of the most common forms of arterial disease affecting the legs. Vascular doctors in Monmouth County recognize other types of arterial disease as well, including abdominal aortic aneurysms and carotid artery stenosis.

Vascular vein experts in Monmouth County have identified several risk factors that may increase an individual’s possibility of developing one of the vascular diseases. These include:
patient care

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity (a body mass index over 30)
  • High blood pressure (140/90 millimeters of mercury or higher)
  • High cholesterol (total blood cholesterol over 240 milligrams per deciliter, or 6.2 millimoles per liter)
  • Increasing age, especially after reaching 50 years of age
  • A family history of peripheral artery disease, heart disease or stroke
  • High levels of homocysteine, a protein component that helps build and maintain tissue

To make an accurate diagnosis you may be required to undergo tests such as an ultrasound, an angiography, CAT Scan and or a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Your vascular doctor will explain what tests you require, how to prepare for them, and what to expect during and after the test. Following the test results a personalized management plan will be prepared for you. It is important that you ask your health care practitioner any questions that you may have regarding the diagnostic and management procedure. It is also vital that you follow the treatment plan closely for maximal benefit.

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