When a diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis has been established, a number of steps will be taken by your vascular doctor in Monmouth County to prevent the condition from escalating and to remove the plaque. Typically this will include:
Recommending lifestyle changes to include a healthy diet and regular physical activity
Managing any underlying disorders such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol
Medications such as antiplatelet and cholesterol lowering medications including aspirin, Plavix and statin.
Surgical procedures including a carotid endarterectomy or a carotid artery stent are required to treat the blockage.
A carotid endarterectomy is used for individuals whose arteries are blocked 70% or more and low risk for surgery. In this process an incision is made in the neck to allow access to the blocked part of the artery and removal of the, plaque.
A carotid artery stent is used to widen the carotid arteries and restore blood flow to the brain. This is achieved by inserting a thin tube with a deflated balloon at the tip into the affected blood vessel. The balloon is slowly inflated to push the plaque outwards and a stent is then placed in the artery to support the wall and prevent future narrowing.